Highly trained neurosurgeons in awake craniotomy and brain mapping use these advanced neurosurgical techniques to protect the eloquent regions of the brain during surgery. Awake patients are able to interact with the neuropsychologist during surgery to better safeguard speech and motor functions.
During an awake craniotomy, after the surgeon has uncovered the affected portion of the brain, the patient is awoken. This allows the neurosurgeon to carefully note which regions of the brain are tied to eloquent functioning. The use of a functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) during the procedure further enhances the mapping of the brain’s function.
By combining awake craniotomy and functional mapping, physicians can better protect healthy brain tissue by identifying critical brain functioning tissue and improve surgery outcomes. With this advanced technology, neurosurgeons can now operate on previously inoperable brain tumors.
Surgical treatments that might affect the portions of the brain that oversee the sense, motor, and speech functionality, also called the eloquent brain, can be made safer with functional mapping and awake craniotomy:
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