Some seizure disorders are caused by other underlying conditions:
Other causes of seizure disorders include:
Some seizures are idiopathic and don’t have a known cause.
There are many different types of epilepsy, and many of them have different symptoms:
Partial seizures take place in one lobe of the brain:
Generalized seizures start deep within the brain and quickly expand to both hemispheres of the brain:
Other seizure disorder symptoms can include confusion, an unexpected change in emotional state after an episode, and loss of bladder or bowel control.
Along with blood tests to check for metabolic issues and a complete medical history, your neurologist will use brain imaging to diagnose your seizure disorder.
Electroencephalography (EEG) can confirm if you have epilepsy. If a seizure is not triggered during the first EEG exam, video-EEG monitoring may be used to help determine the triggers, symptoms and location of your seizure disorder.
A lumbar puncture to test your cerebrospinal fluid can help rule out any infections of the brain. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can look for hemorrhaging in the brain. Computed tomography (CT) scan, positron emission tomography (PET) and single-photon emission computerized tomography (SPECT) may be used to provide other state-of-the-art brain imaging.
As the New York region’s leading neurosurgical practice, NSPC Brain & Spine Surgery (NSPC) (NSPC) has expert board-certified physicians to provide cutting-edge treatments for your seizure disorder.
Antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) are successful in reducing or eliminating seizure symptoms in many patients. However, for some types of seizure disorders, if anticonvulsants are ineffective, then neurostimulation or surgery may be a good option.
Vagus Nerve Stimulation can help regulate cerebral electrical activity by delivering programmed electrical pulses via the vagus nerve to the brain. Vagal nerve stimulation is a less invasive procedure than deep brain stimulation and does not involve brain surgery.
Corpus Callosotomy is a surgical disconnection (can be partial or complete) between the left and right hemispheres. For intractable epilepsy that starts in one half of the brain and spreads to the other half, a corpus callosotomy may limit the seizure symptoms.
Temporal Lobectomy is a type of brain surgery that removes a portion of the temporal lobe where temporal lobe epilepsy originates. A selective amygdalohippocampectomy only extracts the amygdala and the hippocampus, keeping the neighboring brain tissues intact.
Extratemporal Cortical Resection is surgery that removes epilepsy foci (sites where seizures begin) that is not in the temporal lobe.
Neuropace RNS® System is a form of neurostimulation that responds to abnormal brain activity by sending regulating pulses to prevent seizures before they start.
Deep Brain Stimulation involves inserting electrodes deep into the brain where the seizure originates to provide normalizing electrical charges to the brain.
NSPC is home to world-class seizure specialists, backed up by an outstanding team of medical professionals from across several related disciplines. We serve Long Island, New York, and the NY tri-state area, as well as patients from much further afield.
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